Use a dash to set off an appositive phrase that already includes commas. An appositive is a word that adds explanatory or clarifying information to the noun that precedes it. Use quotation marks to enclose direct quotations. Note that commas and periods are placed inside the closing quotation mark, and colons and semicolons are placed outside.
The placement of question and exclamation marks depends on the situation. Use quotation marks around the titles of short poems, song titles, short stories, magazine or newspaper articles, essays, speeches, chapter titles, short films, and episodes of television or radio shows. Underlining and italics are often used interchangeably. Before word-processing programs were widely available, writers would underline certain words to indicate to publishers to italicize whatever was underlined.
Although the general trend has been moving toward italicizing instead of underlining, you should remain consistent with your choice throughout your paper. Italicize the titles of magazines, books, newspapers, academic journals, films, television shows, long poems, plays of three or more acts, operas, musical albums, works of art, websites, and individual trains, planes, or ships.
General Writing Punctuation Punctuation. Brief Overview of Punctuation Summary: When speaking, we can pause or change the tone of our voices to indicate emphasis.
Using Italics and Quotation Marks in Titles
Independent clause: a clause that has a subject and a verb and can stand alone; a complete sentence. Dependent clause: a clause that has a subject and a verb but cannot stand alone; an incomplete sentence. In their speeches, many of the candidates promised to help protect the environment, bring about world peace, and end world hunger. The irritable, fidgety crowd waited impatiently for the rally speeches to begin.
If you really want to get a good grade this semester, however, you must complete all assignments, attend class, and study your notes.
To Italicize or Not to Italicize? A Rule of Thumb | Live Write Thrive
Road construction in Dallas has hindered travel around town; streets have become covered with bulldozers, trucks, and cones. Terrorism in the United States has become a recent concern; in fact, the concern for America's safety has led to an awareness of global terrorism. Road construction in Dallas has hindered travel around town: parts of Main, Fifth, and West Street are closed during the construction. In his Gettysburg Address, Abraham Lincoln urges Americans to rededicate themselves to the unfinished work of the deceased soldiers: "It is for us the living rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced.
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It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.
Muhammed Ali , arguably the greatest athlete of all time, claimed he would "float like a butterfly, sting like a bee.
Titles of Books and Articles
Perhaps one reason why the term has been so problematic—so resistant to definition, and yet so transitory in those definitions—is because of its multitude of applications. In terms of public legitimacy—that is, in terms of garnering support from state legislators, parents, donors, and university administrators—English departments are primarily places where advanced literacy is taught.
The U. Constitution became known as "Old Ironsides" during the War of —during which the cannonballs fired from the British H.
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Guerriere merely bounced off the sides of the Constitution. Chapter title in a book or anthology :.
Howard, Rebecca Moore. Houtman, Eveline. Web page:.
source Meade, Rita. Entire Website:. Screwy Decimal. List the full title as it is written on the source. Exceptions to this rule are for standardization of capitalization and subtitle punctuation. Do not capitalize articles, prepositions, or conjunctions when they fall in the middle of a title. Separate a subtitle with a colon and a space. Italicize titles if the source is self-contained and independent.
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