Table of content of a term paper

Basic Table of Contents

Essentials of How to Write a Term Paper

All appendices should be summarized in your paper where it is relevant to the content. Appendices should also be arranged sequentially by the order they were first referenced in the text [i. There are very few rules regarding what type of material can be included in an appendix, but here are some common examples:.

For example, if you need to contrast the techniques of analysis used by other authors with your own method of analysis, summarize that information, and cite to the original work. In this case, a citation to the original work is sufficient enough to lead the reader to where you got the information.

You do not need to provide a copy of this in an appendix.

This article is a part of the guide:

Here are some general guideline on how to format appendices. If needed, consult the writing style guide [e. Department of Biology. Purdue University; Lunsford, Andrea A. The St. Martin's Handbook. New York: St. Consider Putting Your Appendices Online.

Front Matter

Appendices are useful because they provide the reader with information that supports your study without breaking up the narrative or distracting from the main purpose of your paper. If you have a lot of raw data or information that is difficult to present in textual form, consider uploading it to an online site. This prevents your paper from having a large and unwieldy set of appendices and it supports a growing movement within academe to make data more freely available for re-analysis.

How to Write a Research Paper, Introductions, Part 1

If you do create an online portal to your data, note it prominently in your paper with the correct URL and access procedures if it is a secured site. Piwowar, Heather A.

Day, and Douglas B. Contact us. Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: Appendices This guide provides advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social and behavioral sciences. The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Definition An appendix contains supplementary material that is not an essential part of the text itself but which may be helpful in providing a more comprehensive understanding of the research problem or it is information that is too cumbersome to be included in the body of the paper.

Importance of It is appropriate to include appendices for the following reasons: Including this material in the body of the paper that would render it poorly structured or interrupt the narrative flow; Information is too lengthy and detailed to be easily summarized in the body of the paper; Inclusion of helpful, supporting, or useful material would otherwise distract the reader from the main content of the paper; Provides relevant information or data that is more easily understood or analyzed in a self-contained section of the paper; Can be used when there are constraints placed on the length of your paper; and, Provides a place to further demonstrate your understanding of the research problem by giving additional details about a new or innovative method, technical details, or design protocols.

Lesson 8: Table of Contents

Structure and Writing Style I. General Points to Consider When considering whether to include content in an appendix, keep in mind the following: It is usually good practice to include your raw data in an appendix, laying it out in a clear format so the reader can re-check your results. Another option if you have a large amount of raw data is to consider placing it online and note that this is the appendix to your research paper.

Any tables and figures included in the appendix should be numbered as a separate sequence from the main paper.

Lesson 8: Table of Contents

Remember that appendices contain non-essential information that, if removed, would not diminish a reader's ability to understand the research problem being investigated. This is why non-textual elements should not carry over the sequential numbering of non-textual elements in the body of your paper. Your introduction is your opportunity to be at your most individual. A paper illustrating the costly effects of poor mine design, for instance, might open with the scenario of how a poorly designed pillar at a salt mine in Louisiana once collapsed, fracturing the surface above and draining an entire lake into the mine.

A paper on the supply and demand of nickel might begin by straightforwardly announcing that the paper will explain the uses of nickel, detail its market structure, and use data to forecast the future supply and demand of the metal. As examples of how creative an introduction can be, here are the opening lines from a geography paper and a paper on optics, both of which use narrative technique to arouse our interest. Note how the first excerpt uses an "I" narrator comfortably while the second excerpt does not use "I" even though the writer is clearly reflective about the subject matter. I was driving the endless miles of Interstate 70 crossing Kansas when I began to notice that the exits all looked the same. Our eyes often receive pictures of the world that are contrary to physical reality. A pencil in a glass of water miraculously bends; railroad tracks converge in the distance. Most papers have outright thesis statements or objectives.

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Normally you will not devote a separate section of the paper to this; in fact, often the thesis or objective is conveniently located either right at the beginning or right at the end of the Introduction. A good thesis statement fits only the paper in which it appears. Avoid the purely mechanical act of writing statements like "The first topic covered in this paper is x. The second topic covered is y. The third topic is. Here are two carefully focused and thoughtfully worded thesis statements, both of which appeared at the ends of introductory paragraphs:. As this paper will show, the fundamental problem behind the Arab-Israeli conflict is the lack of a workable solution to the third stage of partition, which greatly hinders the current negotiations for peace.

Never simply label the middle bulk of the paper as "Body" and then lump a bunch of information into one big section. Instead, organize the body of your paper into sections by using an overarching principle that supports your thesis, even if that simply means presenting four different methods for solving some problem one method at a time.

Normally you are allowed and encouraged to use section headings to help both yourself and the reader follow the flow of the paper.

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