Moreover, students perceived the way the victim look, talk or dress as an essential leading factor for bullying. Being odd, such as wearing different clothes, eating different food, listening to different music, and having strange behaviors perceived as an exclusive characteristic associated with the victim of bullying [ 19 , 26 , 33 , 38 , 42 ]. Both victims and bullies, male and female students, agreed that being poor and fat were the main reasons for being bullied. Male students who are physically weak and shorter girls were also perceived as the main reasons for being bullied.
Students also perceived the bully as having a bad manner and always making trouble in classrooms [ 38 , 39 , 40 , 42 ]. The mission of any bullying programs is to prevent bullying before it occurs. However, the research on preventing bullying is still emerging. In the light of increasing prevalence of bullying in schools, schools must improve school climate by emphasizing on strengthening the educational system to reduce the bullying [ 35 ].
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The school climate is defined as the physical structure, social and emotional environment, including school safety measures, comfortable means, and harmonic relationships between students and school staff [ 10 ]. In this context, health and well-being of students should be a priority to the mission of public education. A research review for bullying prevention programs suggested many practical strategies for bullying prevention and reduction [ 1 , 13 , 14 , 18 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 29 , 35 , 43 , 44 , 45 , 46 , 47 , 48 , 49 , 50 , 51 , 52 , 53 , 54 , 55 , 56 , 57 , 58 ]: School policies must emphasize on enhancing the social and emotional climate of the school by replacing detention with meditation and improving students mental resilience.
Schools must put policies in place to help their students developmental resilience to communicate appropriately with each other and to develop effective coping skills and find the meaning of their lives.
The Best Tips on How to Write a Bullying Essay on A-Grade
Promoting collaboration among different professionals and school staff teachers, school administrators, school counselor, social workers , criminal justice practitioners, and researchers to identify the environmental, social and emotional factors that enhance bullying reductions in the schools. Implementing a comprehensive, evidence-based bullying prevention program is crucial to reduce and prevent bullying in schools.
Use surveillance data, at all levels local, state, and national to identify school needs. Using positive behavioral support system and behavioral managed skills, in the classroom and in the school to identify cases of bullying. School policies should reflect a zero tolerance for weapons, discrimination, harassment, and gang activity. The anti-bullying policies should be implemented consistently to assure students safety in all school locations.
Bullying definition, types of bullying, who get bullied, and strategies to stop bullying should be integrated into the curriculum. Design an educational program to helping students develop skills in conflict resolution, negotiations, listening, communication, and decision making. Technical, psychological, social and cognitive interventions are recommended to prevent cyberbullying, such as technical web-protection including blocking cyberbully, changing the password, deleting messages, training of students as cyber mentor-safety, designing cybersafety resources for parents, and cyberbullying professional development programs for schools.
Anti-bullying school programs should benefit from implementing peer interventions. Peers who have high self-efficacy, more likely to defend negative behavior and they are more likely to act in the bullying situation. Schools need to create a culture of intolerance for violence by enforcing all school policies consistently and fairly. Schools must develop a professional preparation and development program for teacher and staff to help them teaching mental resilience. School-based bullying programs should benefit from the mental health resources in schools including the counselors, school psychologists, and social workers in recognizing and understand the relations between the mental health of students such as depression, and anxiety and attendance and bullying problem.
Schools have to implement a systematic protocol for the early identifications of students facing challenges and crisis. Bullying in schools is a widespread problem around the world, and no community is immune from this problem, despite the anti-bullying initiatives that implemented almost everywhere. Research on bullying has provided rigger evidence about the nature of bullying, the factors contributing to bullying, the characteristics of a bully and the victim, the physical, social, mental and academic consequences of bullying.
Research also suggested many practical strategies that help in preventing and reducing the incidence of bullying in schools. Effective prevention bullying programs must define bullying in a clear way to the community and include as its core team, students, school staff, parents and other community members. In order to have a safe environment for students to learn, and to grow up, students must learn how to communicate with each other, resolve conflicts effectively, and learn how to be empathetic to others. Licensee IntechOpen. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.
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Downloaded: Abstract Bullying in school is a significant problem worldwide and is one of the most common antisocial behaviors among adolescents and children. Keywords bullying peer victimization students academic performance prevention mental consequences. Introduction Bullying has been defined by many scholars and organizations differently. Why bullying is a public health problem Bullying in school is the most common type of violence among adolescents, recognized as a serious concern for students and has become a public health problem and global concern.
Health consequences of bullying Scientific research indicated that experiencing bullying has short and long-term psychological and emotional impact on both victims and perpetrator [ 5 , 12 , 13 ].
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Who is at risk for bullying There is no specific profile of students who involved in bullying [ 37 ]. School-based intervention to prevent and reduce bullying The mission of any bullying programs is to prevent bullying before it occurs. Conclusions Bullying in schools is a widespread problem around the world, and no community is immune from this problem, despite the anti-bullying initiatives that implemented almost everywhere. Conflict of interest The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
More Print chapter. How to cite and reference Link to this chapter Copy to clipboard. Shattnawi March 21st Available from:. Over 21, IntechOpen readers like this topic Help us write another book on this subject and reach those readers Suggest a book topic Books open for submissions. More statistics for editors and authors Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications.
Access personal reporting. More About Us. Bullying does not only stops one from wanting to go to school, it also makes one feel anxious, insecure, and unhappy at school, isolated and at times severely depressed Young, Shin Kim, and Leventhal. Schools must have better resources available to students; this includes the victim and the bully Strong Essays words 6 pages.
It is defined as unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance Services, This paper is an analysis of the research that indicates that anti-bullying campaigns offer a positive means of addressing bullying in the schools Strong Essays words 3.
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Their is no real debate about the effects of bullying on both the bully and the victim. However, what is never really considered is the effect bullying has on the law. Strong Essays words 5. Creating an anti-bullying culture in secondary schools: characterists to consider when constructing appropriate anti-bullying programs. American Secondary Education, 43 3 , Although bullying has happened for a while, it is now getting major attention from our culture.
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Many of the reasons for increased attention to the prevention of bullying are because of instances like Columbine and other horrific events Strong Essays words 4. This trending topic has boomed in most U. S schools creating the emergence of many organizations and programs at state and local levels that are working towards decreasing bullying. There are some programs and organizations that are successful and are able to really impact students while there are others that are not so much Strong Essays words 5 pages. The increased occurrence of higher levels of abuse, both verbal and physical, have escalated the normal childhood teasing among school mates and the effects during the abuse and after leave these children feeling depressed, worthless and often times, with dreadful thoughts of suicide.
We Must Improve Anti-Bullying Programs Essay
Essay Preview. Read Full Essay Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper. Need Writing Help? Anti Bullying Laws are not Working Essay - It seems as if everyday there is someone new getting bullied ,even though there are laws that prevent this from happening. Uganda's Anti-gay Laws Essay - There has been an increase of gays all over the world in the last few generations. Essay about The Need for Anti-Bullying Laws - Bullying has been escalating to a certain degree that it has affected as many as , students that reported staying home from school every day, because they were afraid of being bullied www.
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